What Is E-Way Bill

What is an E-Way Bill in India?

Team HPS January 10, 2024

For businesses operating in India, understanding the concept of E-Way Bills is crucial. Introduced as part of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, E-Way Bills play a pivotal role in facilitating the seamless movement of goods across the country. In this beginner’s guide, we will delve into what E-Way Bills are, why they are essential, and how businesses can navigate the process of generating them.

Understanding E-Way Bills: An E-Way Bill is an electronic document required for the movement of goods valued at more than INR 50,000 within India. It contains details of the consignment, the type of goods, their quantity, and the intended destination. E-Way Bills aim to ensure transparency, curb tax evasion, and streamline the transportation of goods.

Why E-Way Bills are Essential:

  • Regulatory Compliance: E-Way Bills are a legal requirement for the transportation of goods, ensuring businesses comply with GST regulations.
  • Reducing Tax Evasion: By mandating E-Way Bills, the government aims to minimize the possibility of tax evasion in the movement of goods.
  • Seamless Interstate Movement: E-Way Bills facilitate the smooth movement of goods across state borders by providing a standardized documentation process.
  • Real-Time Monitoring: Authorities can monitor the movement of goods in real-time, reducing the likelihood of unauthorized activities.

How to Generate an E-Way Bill:

1. Log in to the E-Way Bill Portal: Visit the official E-Way Bill portal (https://ewaybillgst.gov.in/) and log in using your credentials.

2. Enter Shipment Details: Fill in the necessary details, including the invoice number, date, and the recipient’s and supplier’s GSTIN.

3. Add Item Details: Specify the details of the goods being transported, including their description, quantity, and value.

4. Choose Transport Document: Select the mode of transportation and provide the relevant document details, such as the vehicle number or transport document number.

5. Generate E-Way Bill: After entering all required information, click on the ‘Generate EWB’ button to create the E-Way Bill.

6. Validate Details: Review the generated E-Way Bill to ensure all details are accurate and match the accompanying goods.

7. Dispatch with E-Way Bill: The generated E-Way Bill should accompany the goods during transportation, serving as a digital documentation of the shipment.

Common Terms Related to E-Way Bills:

  • Consignor: The person who dispatches the goods is known as the consignor.
  • Consignee: The person to whom the goods are consigned is referred to as the consignee.
  • Transporter: The individual or company responsible for transporting the goods.
  • Validity Period: E-Way Bills have a specified validity period based on the distance to be covered, beyond which a new E-Way Bill is required.

Tips for Smooth E-Way Bill Generation:

  • Keep Information Handy: Have all relevant information, such as GSTINs, invoice details, and transport document numbers, readily available.
  • Ensure Accuracy: Double-check all entered details to prevent errors and discrepancies in the E-Way Bill.
  • Be Aware of Validity Period: Understand the validity period of the E-Way Bill based on the distance to be covered.
  • Stay Informed: Keep abreast of any updates or changes in E-Way Bill regulations to ensure compliance.


  1. […] What is an E-Way Bill and Why is it Important? An E-Way Bill is an electronic document required for the movement of goods valued at more than INR 50,000 within India. It contains crucial information such as the consignment details, type of goods, quantity, and the destination. E-Way Bills are essential for several reasons: […]

  2. […] in India, understanding when E-Way Bills are not required is as crucial as knowing when they are. E-Way Bills serve as digital documentation for the movement of goods, but there are specific scenarios where […]

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